Earth and Space Sciences for Early Childhood
Processes that Shape the Earth
Observe, explore and compare changes that animals and plants contribute to in their surroundings (e.g., falling leaves, holes left by worms or squirrels).
Explore and compare changes in the environment over time (e.g., leaves changing colors, outdoor temperature, plants growing).
Demonstrate understanding of fast and slow relative to time, motion and phenomena (e.g., ice melting, plant growth).
Acquisition of Vocabulary for Early Childhood
Understand the meaning of new words from context of conversations, the use of pictures that accompany text or the use of concrete objects.
Name items in common categories (e.g., animals, food, clothing, transportation, etc.).
Tools and Resources
Determine the meaning of unknown words with assistance or cues from an adult (e.g., providing a frame of reference, context or comparison).
Life Science for Early Childhood
Characteristics and Structure of Life
Identify common needs (e.g., food, air, water) of familiar living things.
Diversity and Interdependence of Life
Observe and begin to recognize the ways that environments support life by meeting the unique needs of each organism (e.g., plant/soil, birds/air, fish/water).
Match familiar adult family members, plants and animals with their young (e.g., horse/colt, cow/calf).
Recognize physical differences among the same class of people, plants or animals (e.g., dogs come in many sizes and colors).
Science and Technology for Early Childhood
Identify the intended purpose of familiar tools (e.g., scissors, hammer, paintbrush, cookie cutter).
Scientific Inquiry for Early Childhood
Doing Scientific Inquiry
Ask questions about objects, organisms and events in their environment during shared stories, conversations and play (e.g., ask about how worms eat).
Predict what will happen next based on previous experiences (e.g., when a glass falls off the table and hits the tile floor, it most likely will break).
Investigate natural laws acting upon objects, events and organisms (e.g., repeatedly dropping objects to observe the laws of gravity, observing the life cycle of insects).
Use one or more of the senses to observe and learn about objects, organisms and phenomena for a purpose (e.g., to record, classify, compare, talk about).
Explore objects, organisms and events using simple equipment (e.g., magnets and magnifiers, standard and non-standard measuring tools).
Begin to make comparisons between objects or organisms based on their characteristics (e.g., animals with four legs, smooth and rough rocks).
Record or represent and communicate observations and findings through a variety of methods (e.g., pictures, words, graphs, dramatizations) with assistance.
Scientific Ways of Knowing for Early Childhood
Nature of Science
Offer ideas and explanations (through drawings, emergent writing, conversation, movement) of objects, organisms and phenomena, which may be correct or incorrect.
Research for Early Childhood
Ask questions about experiences, areas of interest, pictures, letters, words, logos or icons (e.g., EXIT on a sign in the grocery store).
Recall information about a topic dictated or constructed by child.
Share findings of information through retelling, media and play (e.g., draw a picture of the desert).